Management Research Methods: Literature Synthesis

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Introduction

The success of all the management programs, public policies and businesses depends on the depth of the research conducted before the establishment of the entities and during the daily running of the entities. This indicates that in to facilitate growth and development in management, the people involved need to research critically on the different fields related to their institutions (Tharenou, Donohue & Cooper, 2007). Different organizations take initiatives to undertake small research programs in analyzing the different policies and market fluctuations related to their areas of jurisdiction. Managers of private and governmental institutions develop research programs to facilitate an information platform on decision making, analyze current policies, and predict the possibilities and effects of the future polices.

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Literature Review

It is essential to understand the concepts of conducting a management research. This assists different managers from varying managerial fields to evaluate, design, report and execute the research programs in their equivalent entities to facilitate development and growth. The design and methodology used in the conduction of efficient and reliable research is vast. Consequently, the managers should ensure that they keep up with the fluctuating business and management strategies (Scandura & Williams, 2000). The attainment of the actual profit and sealing of losses results from the conduction of the detailed research procedures and protocols. A raise in the management level and control leads to success and development.

The education fraternity gives variations in the importance of conducting a research as a part of studying and in the work related levels. The choice of the research topic varies with individuals and their understanding on the expected outcome and reasons for conducting the research. The research topics in management are numerous and vary according to the existing levels of management. Consequently, the research topic needs to cater for the intended research questions. This shows that the topic should be broad to ease research procedures and ensure availability of the diverse information and data collection (Tharenou, Donohue & Cooper, 2007). Primary and Secondary research methods are the common and recommended methods of conducting a research. However, the research methods consist of various independent advantages and disadvantages.

The primary research methods involve the collection of original information and data about a particular research question. The primary research method ensures that the targeted areas of research are addressed. The people undertaking the research have to guarantee that all the areas are critically addressed in order to produce the expected results. The data and information collected from the research is interpreted depending on the initial requirements and needs of the research managers. In addition, data and information collected from the primary research provides current statistics and findings. On the other hand, there are a number of disadvantages related to the conduction of the primary research. The research takes plenty of time before the achievement of the final research findings and conclusions. Secondly, the primary research involves high costs due to the individual data collection, design and compilation of the research findings (Scandura & Williams, 2000).

The secondary research method involves the access of data and information from the readily available sources. Secondary research draws the findings and conclusions from different available primary findings and conclusions. Easy accessibility to information is one of the advantages related to the secondary research as a means of data collection. The information is derived from online sources, journals, books and other publications. The cost of conducting the secondary research is relatively low compared to the cost of the primary data collection. In addition, there exist various research platforms from different research practitioners. This gives variations in research and facilitates diversity in drawing conclusions and results of the study. On the other hand, there are various disadvantages aliened to the use of the secondary research method as a means of information and data collection. The quality of information gathered in data collection and gathering of information is usually compromised and low. The specification of the research is usually unattained through secondary use of gathering information and data collection (Easterby-Smith, Thorpe & Jackson, 2012). The research questions are not fully addressed since detailed research is not conducted.

Management research should involve the use of both the primary and secondary research methods. This assists in the establishment of the original and relevant information through the primary research method. In addition, the information and data gathered gives the current analysis on the information and data addressed. Consequently, the secondary data facilitates ready and broad information on the research topic and questions (Gill & Johnson, 2010). The cost of conducting the research is relatively reduced and the research questions are adequately addressed in giving the final research findings and results. It is essential to understand the concepts of conducting the management research. This assists different managers from varying managerial fields to evaluate, design, report and execute the research programs in their equivalent entities to facilitate development and growth. This indicates that to facilitate growth and development in management, the people involved need to research critically on the different fields related to their institutions. The research topics in management are numerous and vary according to the existing levels of management. Consequently, the research topic needs to cater for the intended research questions. The data and information collected from the research is interpreted depending on the initial requirements and needs of the research managers.

There are various employee management programs that exist in different organizations and institutions. The different levels of management in the oil and gas service station illustrate a feature of the existence of managerial positions as represented in different public and private institutions and organizations. The level of competition in the provision of oil and gas services increases with growth and development (Gill & Johnson, 2010). This shows that the management team of the oil and gas station should provide unique and affordable services to their clients to ensure customer’s maintenance and attraction. This shows that the managers’ role in the attraction and retention of customers is the creation of services and standards that overshadows competitors and willing investors in the same field.

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Conclusion

The use of research management falls hand in hand with the provision of ways to limit competition and attract customers. The research should cater for the different employee management strategies and the improvement of their interaction with other employees, the management and the customers. The research should indicate the provision of incentives and other employee benefits to ensure the retention of the employees and improvement of the working conditions. This assists in the establishment of the original and relevant information through the use of the primary research method. In addition, the information and data gathered gives the current analysis on the information and data addressed (Easterby-Smith, Thorpe & Jackson, 2012). Consequently, the secondary data facilitates the ready and broad information on the research topic and questions. The evaluation, design, report and execution of the research programs in their equivalent entities facilitate the development and growth of the oil service station and differentiate it from other stations.

References

Easterby-Smith, M., Thorpe, R., & Jackson, P. (2012). Management Research. London: Sage.

Gill, J., & Johnson, P. (2010). Research Methods for Managers. London: Sage.

Scandura, T., & Williams, E. (2000). Research methodology in management: current practices, trends and implications for future research. Academy of Management Journal, 43(6), 1248-1264.

Tharenou, P., Donohue, R., & Cooper, B. (2007). Management research methods. New York: Cambridge University Press.

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BusinessEssay. (2022) 'Management Research Methods: Literature Synthesis'. 15 January.

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BusinessEssay. 2022. "Management Research Methods: Literature Synthesis." January 15, 2022. https://business-essay.com/management-research-methods-literature-synthesis/.

1. BusinessEssay. "Management Research Methods: Literature Synthesis." January 15, 2022. https://business-essay.com/management-research-methods-literature-synthesis/.


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