A sustainable design is a strategy that deals with a philosophy that is built and designs objects, structure, environments, and amenities that jointly relates with many ideologies of ecological sustainability. The sustainable aspects include maintaining a justifiable change in a homeostatic environment where factors like resources, predisposition of investments, and the course of development. They are well defined to meet the current and future needs of the human race. Sustainable design embodies the product that does not entirely meet all the present needs but accomplishes their schedule without compromising the future generation’s ability to meet their own needs.
Some convenient methods of approaching sustainable design include responsible resource management, exploiting sustainable chemical engineering, and general environmental protection (Salah et al., 2019). Therefore, the choices that help shape design and sustainability happen in all aspects of life daily. These choices impact sustainable development and provide for the requirements of forthcoming generations. In this context, the sustainability analysis done is of a product produced by an Indian company through CAD.
CAD is used by engineers, construction managers, and architects, where it has replaced manual drafting. It usually helps users in formulating 2D or 3D designs to visualize the construction. CAD has enabled engineers to make exact representations and amend them to develop a workable design quality. The software extrapolates the interaction of different construction materials since subcontractors add fine details to the drawings. In the modern era, construction plans and related graphics are stored in the cloud, which has eased the work of the contractors to access CAD-based strategies at the worksite (Shastri et al., 2018).
Apart from the individuals who make the entries, other parties can easily access the information manipulated to improve construction development and adaptability. This kind of coordination helps to improve communication within the group.
The research conducted by Jayakrishna on the sustainability of CAD has highlighted the idea of environmentally mindful production and product recovery. The concept entails including environmental factors when developing new products during initial processes such as designing, selecting the material, manufacturing, and delivering the goods to the clients. The life-cycle ecological cost examination of the model presented has been proposed to comprise the ecological cost as the net cost of the product. The prototype sorts the possible substitute for cost-effective as well as environmentally friendly products (Jayakrishna et al., 2017).
The mathematical model highlights the relationship between the net worth of the product and additional costs like ecological costs, which entirely impact the product’s life cycle. The product development approach used in the study is based on a sustainable manufacturing model.
The analysis has been done using a sustainable component of the SolidWorks software model. This is the most common model used in sustainability analysis. The system accepts input, the CAD model product, and outputs the outcomes of the environmental effects, and the primary substance specified in this model is nylon. The computational data is volume, weight, and surface area, whereas the manufacturing process, in this case, is injection molding.
The four essential procedures and decision tools are deliberated in fine detail, reflecting the most crucial aspects of the environmental effects of produce. The four parameters emphasized in the sustainability analysis include airborne acidification, total energy utilized, carbon footprint, and eutrophication of water. The central concept stressed is the integration of the idea rather than the details of the procedure (Popa & Popa, 2017). The approach of grouping the products based on their environmental characteristics verifies the statistics by weighing the relationship between the energy impact category and the total impact indicator. However, a neutral approach to predicting an estimated grouping of the produce in the theoretical design has been developed.
The analysis of the sustainability of CAD has delineated the air production and a general waste profile of 25 companies that manufacture schemes of printed boards. The study by Popa reveals that for a plan to become more sustainable and manageable, the manufacturing system has to use fewer resources. The result of the entire process is to emit as few wastes as possible to measure and manage the environmental balance using information technology. The study has revealed how the technical and economic models can be integrated to estimate the reusability of the products. However, the Monte Carlo simulation is applied in this context to handle uncertainties.
Therefore, sustainability ideally measures the environmental impacts of the products in their entire life cycle based on the four critical key terms. The significant implication of sustainability analysis is to ascertain how to reduce environmental impacts and make the design more sustainable by making appropriate design modifications. The study conducted in the CAD environment was aimed to make the product eco-friendlier.
The primary basis of a contemporary manufacturing organization is to minimize production costs and prevent ecological impacts to ensure a clean and greener atmosphere. A sustainable system aims at maximizing resource efficiency to produce sustained components. The study was based on an Indian manufacturing organization demonstrated using CAD and sustainability analysis conducted. This model calculates the environmental impacts of the products over their life cycle over the four significant parameters. Entirely, analyzing the sustainability of a product design using CAD helps an organization in realizing cost and time reduction benefits.
Jayakrishna, K., Sanjay Guar, P., Senthilkumar, R., & Aathis, N. (2017). Sustainability analysis of prototyping processes. In Applied Mechanics and Materials (Vol. 867, pp. 290-293). Trans Tech Publications Ltd.
Popa, L. I., & Popa, V. N. (2017). Products eco-sustainability analysis using CAD SolidWorks software. In MATEC Web of Conferences (Vol. 112, p. 06002). EDP Sciences.
Salah, B., Abidi, M. H., Mian, S. H., Krid, M., Alkhalefah, H., & Abdo, A. (2019). Virtual reality-based engineering education to enhance manufacturing sustainability in industry 4.0. Sustainability. Web.
Shastri, S., Giri, A. K., & Mohapatra, G. (2018). An empirical assessment of current accounts sustainability for major South Asian economies. South Asian Journal of Business Studies. Web.