Legit Technologies Ltd Company’s Cost Accounting

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Executive Summary

Cost accounting is an important aspect of financial analysis. Reflectively, the process involves calculation of cost variable against expected profit margin. Several methods have been proposed by experts in calculating cost of production as a determinant of pricing rates. Specifically, this paper adopts Cost-plus pricing method in deriving the selling price of computer products for Legit Technologies Ltd. The rate used in these calculations is 25% in order to set a selling price that attract a profit margin of 25% of the final selling price. Other costing methods are mentioned against their strengths and weaknesses in ethical application within an accounting environment.

Introduction

Legit Technologies Ltd deals with manufacturing of computers. The company produces sophisticated computers which are sold in the local market. The company has been in operation for over 10 years and has established a strong market despite facing stiff competition. As part of competitive sustainability policy, the company has set a competitive price in the computer market. This involves scientific market price decision analysis on best pricing method for determining selling price of its products. Reflectively, the cost of production plays an immense role in determining selling price of its products. Generally, the set price caters for production cost and targeted profit levels. Thus, this analytical treatise attempts to explicitly review costing methods. These methods are used to determine the cost of production and eventual market price of Legit Technologies Ltd computer products.

Raw materials and associated cost of production

Raw materials used by this company include silica sand, bauxite, gold, iron ore, petroleum, copper ore, tin ore, lead ore, and gallium ore among others. The table below summarizes the costs incurred during production in the year 2011.

Item Cost (000) totals
Prime costs:
Raw materials 373,500
Direct Labor 180,000
Other direct expenses 20,000 573500
Factory overheads:
Salary to factory manager 145,000
Depreciation on – Plant and machinery 7,000
– Factory buildings 28,000
Other expenses – Factory power 31,000
Lighting and heating 6,250
Water 13,700
Cleaners wages 10,000
Total cost of production 3,500 147500
Add: opening Work In Progress 147500
Less: closing Work In Progress 7,000
Factory cost of production (cost of finished goods) 28,000
Salary to factory manager 31,000
Depreciation on – Plant and machinery 6,250
Factory buildings 13,700
Other expenses – Factory power 10,000 240950

The above are major costs that the company incurred in manufacturing computers in the year 2011 in the production of 2000 units. The company has to set selling price for these units in order to cater for costs incurred and also attain the target profit.

Determination of the selling price

The selling price for these products is determined using Cost-Plus mark up strategy. According to Vithala (28), Cost-plus pricing refers to the pricing of a product at a predetermined margin over the product’s estimated production costs. This method is flexible but has issues on its viability as a profitability pricing strategy. In its application, the company ignores customer’s valuation of the product. However, this may harm profitability if it overstates the price in a weak market. Since this company deals in a single market product, Cost-plus pricing is ideal since it is easier to calculate and has provisions for adjustment of prices when the cost of production goes up. Notability, there is no standard rate since it is predetermined by the management based on profit level that the company wants to realize as a percentage of cost. For this case, the hypothetical rate is set at 25% on cost. The cost of production for the 2000 units is $ 961,950.

The cost per unit = $961, 950/2000 = $480.975

The mark up = 25% of $480.975 = $120.244

The selling price will be calculated as follows:

Selling price = cost price + Mark up.

= $480.975+ $120.244 = $601.219

Why this is a good sale price

The selling price of $601.219 is thus charged per unit sold. This price is considered a fair selling price because it covers all the costs of production within a profit margin of 25 % on every item sold. The price is 125% of the cost of production. This means that the cost of production is100% and the profit is 25% on every unit of output sold.

Units to produce to meet the sale price

The total sale price is 125% of $961, 950= $1202437.5. Thus, to derive the units that must be sold to meet the selling price, the total sale price is divided by price per unit. Therefore, units to be sold to realize the sale price is equal to $1202437.5/$601.219 = 1999units.

Appropriate costing method for this company

Activity Based Costing

This is the most preferred method of costing in this company. This method allocates overhead costs to the products more logically than the traditional method. Traditional method allocates overhead costs simply on the basis of machine hours. The activity based Cost-plus pricing is most appropriate because it first allocates the overheads to activities that facilitated their incurrence. The costs are then allocated to the products that require these activities in the manufacturing process. Legit Technologies Ltd has many overheads and need to use a costing method that takes care of them. Activity based costing improves the control of overheads by matching overheads costs with their causes. Reflectively, this system is “flexible and able to relate costs to customers, processors, management responsibility, and not just products” (Marx 01). The method focuses on activities and their basic cause. Thus, Legit Technologies Ltd Company is able to analyse and justify manufacturing cycle for its products

Methods not considered fit for this company

  • Process costing method: the method is considered inappropriate due to a number of disadvantages. Firstly, the method is inaccurate when costing products. It may include some indirect costs that are not part of the production costs (Osmond 1). The method is also time-consuming as it has to take into account the equivalent units. Calculation of equivalent units may consume a lot of time.
  • Direct costing: for this method, the process of coming up with standard cost is difficult. Some technical skills are required to calculate the standard costing matrix. Plenty of the management time and money will be required in order to scrutinize standard costs.
  • Absorption costing: The method only absorbs the costs that were actually incurred by the company during production. The method is time consuming.
  • Contribution costing: in this method, the selling price is computed by summing up all direct costs and adding on them the contribution summation. When products are many, it is time consuming to allocate overheads to products.

Ethical considerations of costing method

The methods should not be used in manipulation of financial statements. The method selected should suit all financial activities. Failure to identify the right method, that is, through either overstated or understated costs may portray erroneous results of the company’s financial strength (Maher, Stickney & Weil, 44). Therefore, cost accountants should check an appropriate method to use in analysis. If this is not well checked, the company may use the wrong information in decision making since costs and profits may be overstated or understated.

Works Cited

Maher, Michael, Stickney Clyde, and Weil Roman. Managerial Accounting: An Introduction to Concepts, Methods and Uses, London: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2011. Print.

Marx, Carl. Activity Based Costing (ABC) And Traditional Costing Systems, New YorkCengage Learning, 2010. Print.

Osmond, Vitez. Advantages & Disadvantages of Process Costing Under Accounting, Liverpool: Liverpool University, 2011. Print.

Vithala, Rao. Handbook of Pricing Research in Marketing, London: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2009. Print.

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BusinessEssay. 2022. "Legit Technologies Ltd Company's Cost Accounting." December 16, 2022. https://business-essay.com/legit-technologies-ltd-companys-cost-accounting/.

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