Levels & Types of Planning Process in Management – All You Need to Know

Organizational planning is a process that helps businesses achieve their objectives. It creates a roadmap for the future by setting goals, identifying resources, and developing strategies to achieve those goals. In this article, we will explore the different types and levels of planning, including strategic, proactive, and operational planning, and why they are critical for the success of any organization.

🔝 Top-5 Examples of Levels & Types of Planning in Management

  1. Information Technology in Business Decision-Making
  2. Single Project Level Management vs Portfolio Management
  3. Fast-Food Company's Organizational Change
  4. Activities Management for Achieving Results
  5. Leadership and Management in Action: Basic Functions

✅ Management Planning Explained

A proper business plan will substantially impact the success and profitability of any organization. However, creating a good plan is just one part of management planning. Below, we will define organizational planning and explain why it is crucial for organizations of all sizes.

What Is Planning in Management?

What exactly is planning in business? Planning is the process of determining the steps necessary to accomplish a goal. It entails identifying objectives, assessing potential courses of action, and selecting the best approach. The success of any company depends on how well a plan is carried out. Management planning aids firms in realizing a specific objective, creating tasks, or preparing for changes. Also, it plays a vital role in improving business aspects such as workforce organization, financial expenses, or product development.

Organizational Planning Benefits

Having an organizational strategy is vital since well-prepared businesses can better adapt to workplace changes. Benefits of organizational planning include:

  • Providing direction. Planning creates the steps and determines their order in advance. It also guarantees that the goals are specified so that workers know exactly what to do.
  • Reducing the risk. A good plan can help to predict dangerous situations the company might face in the future and, by doing so, minimize all the risks.
  • Creating new ideas. If the business doesn’t follow the plan blindly but sticks to the framework, it may develop innovative ideas.
  • Establishing standards. It becomes easier to control the performance of workers and the required target with a well-organized plan.
  • Facilitating decision-making. Planning helps an organization pick the most suitable option out of the existing ones.

📚 Levels of Planning

Management planning consists of 3 primary levels: corporate, business, and functional. Understanding these levels of strategy will help you divide the plan into the appropriate levels and align the company’s goals from top to bottom.

Corporate Level

The corporate level is the highest and, thus, the broadest level of strategy in business. It outlines the organization’s overall direction and goals as well as the ways to achieve them. Developing and comprehending the corporate-level plan is especially critical for companies with various lines of business.

Business Level

A business strategy helps a specific business unit within a corporation to accomplish its goals and serves as a roadmap. How intricate and complicated the strategy is, depends on the number of businesses and the organization’s structure. Nonetheless, it plays a crucial role in evaluating the benefits and costs of each business unit and enabling better decision-making regarding resource allocation.

Functional Level

The functional strategy level considers each department and every worker’s daily contribution to support company goals. Also, it’s responsible for checking whether every part of the organization is operated thoroughly and professionally.

🤓 Organizational Planning – Types

Different organizational strategies may be used depending on the type of business and its requirements. These include marketing, strategic, environmental, operational, and proactive planning.

Marketing Planning

Market planning plays an essential role in the success of any business. It’s a strategic process that creates a roadmap to accomplish marketing objectives, attract new customers, promote goods and services, and fortify brand identity. By creating a comprehensive marketing strategy, a business can focus all its resources on raising awareness about its products and services.

Strategic Planning

Some businesses fail due to a lack of strategic planning, which includes understanding a company’s current condition and where it wants to go. Strategic planning helps outline a roadmap an organization can follow and adjust depending on its needs. Moreover, effective strategic planning enables businesses to allocate resources efficiently to meet the company’s objectives.

Environmental Planning

With growing concerns over climate change and the need for sustainability, environmental planning has become more crucial than ever. It involves a shift towards producing eco-friendly products using renewable resources instead of finite ones. By adopting such practices, companies can tap into the growing market of environmentally conscious consumers who choose sustainable brands.

Operational Planning

Many academics have regarded operational planning as one of the subsets of strategic planning. Its key function is determining which strategic plan components a company should use to achieve its goal. Operations planning manages day-to-day activities and non-recurring events.

Proactive Planning

Proactive planning is founded on the prediction of future events and conditions that will have an impact on how the organization functions. Such planning must be comprehensive, extremely adaptable, and naturally innovative. Organizations that favor this type of planning anticipate the future and take the appropriate actions before risky events occur.

📝 Levels & Types of Planning Process in Management Research Paper Examples

  1. The Role and Appropriateness of Group Decision-Making
    Business essay sample: Group decision making is very important to an organization. Group decisions often promote teamwork, unity and efficiency since all members of the organization feel committed to the set course.
  2. Management Practices Implementation
    Business essay sample: This research paper focuses on the ways in which a workplace implements the management practices of planning, leading, organizing, staffing, and controlling.
  3. British Petroleum Company's Business Planning
    Business essay sample: British Petroleum Company have contributed immensely to the growth of the economy globally; the company concentrates on different business activities in the oil and gas industry.
  4. Reorganizing Accounting Firm
    Business essay sample: During reorganization, we need to make sure that every employee is accounted for and withheld in a reporting relationship to understand tasks that the company is going through.
  5. Case Study on Custom Woodworking Company
    Business essay sample: Planning and management in an organization is vital in structuring a progressive performance, so the wood company will have stringent arrangements to accrue success.
  6. Food and Beverages at Southwestern University Football Games
    Business essay sample: The president of Southwestern University has noticed the increasing capacity of the stadium, hence forming a strategy to ensure that the number is accommodated.
  7. American Airlines' Management Principles
    Business essay sample: The main strength of American Airlines is its large size, which makes it more resilient to high-stress situations, such as coronavirus pandemics.
  8. Target Corporation and the Four Management Functions
    Business essay sample: There are four management functions that leaders apply in creating, implementing, and monitoring organizational objectives: planning, organizing, leading and controlling.
  9. Human Resource Planning by Unilever
    Business essay sample: The aim of the assignment is to collect the data and evaluate current HR practices and approaches used by Unilever.
  10. Work Experience Report - Union International General Trading Company
    Business essay sample: Union International general trading company was established in 1979. It is involved in the manufacturing and marketing of drink products.
  11. Integrated Supply Chain in Business
    Business essay sample: Integrated supply chain is an emerging concept which emphasizes combining the requirements of the buyer with the production schedules of the supplier.
  12. HRM Practices and Their Role in Organizations
    Business essay sample: Human resource management plays an essential role in minimizing such exposures by making employees compliant with relevant policies and regulations.
  13. Talent Management in ADNOC
    Business essay sample: This study examines the business case of the ADNOC, one of the largest world oil exporters based in Abu-Dhabi, UAE.
  14. The Eco-Café Company: Strategic Human Resource Management
    Business essay sample: Human resource managers have the responsibility to align their planning with the employers' business objectives. The Eco-Café Company’s business goal is enhancing its market reach.
  15. Body of Knowledge of Internet of Things
    Business essay sample: One of the critical enablers of effective transportation and logistics include the internet of things (IoT). This technology has immense benefits in the industry.
  16. McPherson Charles Operations Strategy
    Business essay sample: This essay focuses on the operations strategy adopted by McPherson Charles, organizational objectives, and how the company addresses them.

Cite this page

Select style


BusinessEssay. (2023, September 4). Levels & Types of Planning Process in Management – All You Need to Know. Retrieved from https://business-essay.com/planning/levels-and-types-of-planning-process-in-management-research-paper-examples/


BusinessEssay. (2023, September 4). Levels & Types of Planning Process in Management – All You Need to Know. https://business-essay.com/planning/levels-and-types-of-planning-process-in-management-research-paper-examples/

Work Cited

"Levels & Types of Planning Process in Management – All You Need to Know." BusinessEssay, 4 Sept. 2023, business-essay.com/planning/levels-and-types-of-planning-process-in-management-research-paper-examples/.


BusinessEssay. (2023) 'Levels & Types of Planning Process in Management – All You Need to Know'. 4 September.


BusinessEssay. 2023. "Levels & Types of Planning Process in Management – All You Need to Know." September 4, 2023. https://business-essay.com/planning/levels-and-types-of-planning-process-in-management-research-paper-examples/.

1. BusinessEssay. "Levels & Types of Planning Process in Management – All You Need to Know." September 4, 2023. https://business-essay.com/planning/levels-and-types-of-planning-process-in-management-research-paper-examples/.


BusinessEssay. "Levels & Types of Planning Process in Management – All You Need to Know." September 4, 2023. https://business-essay.com/planning/levels-and-types-of-planning-process-in-management-research-paper-examples/.