The activity of any organization requires management since its effective functioning and development, and in general, existence is impossible without it. In addition, the management of an organization determines the attitude of other organizations towards it and has a significant impact on their response management decisions. That is, the interests of many people are connected with management, both in the organization itself and outside it. Modern management aims to ensure that the employees work efficiently, company is successful, stand out among competitors, and conduct business in resource scarcity conditions. To realize all this, the organization’s management must have its own goals, a plan for its achievement and development, motivation, and control over employees. Management is an integral part of the standard and successful functioning of the organization, and each component must perform its work correctly and efficiently.
Management is the ability to achieve goals with the help of the intelligence and work of the members of the organization. In addition, management is a method by which work processes become as efficient as possible and a way of helping to optimize operations (Wienclaw, 2017). Management includes four main functions, such as planning, organization, motivation, and control.
Planning sets goals that the company must achieve in a certain period and coordinates employees’ actions to achieve these goals. The very process of planning the organization’s strategy and coordinating employees’ actions helps managers make managerial decisions. The tasks of strategic planning include the development of an enterprise strategy that will ensure the introduction of innovations in the organization, increase productivity, and ensure each employee’s work. Planning helps create unity of a common goal within the organization and also helps to reduce risk when making decisions.
Strategic planning becomes significant when it is thought out in detail and has the opportunity to be implemented. When the plan is formed, it is necessary to look for ways to implement it (Cohen & Eimicke, 2020). After choosing a fundamental overall strategy, it must be implemented by combining it with other organizational functions. An essential mechanism for linking the strategy is developing plans and guidelines: tactics, policies, procedures, and rules. Tactics are specific short-term strategies. The policy provides general guidelines for action and decision-making. The rules specify precisely what should be done in a particular situation.
The organization’s function is to create an enterprise structure that allows people to work effectively together to achieve its goals. The organization as a process is a function of coordinating many tasks: there are two main aspects of the organizational process. The first is the division of the organization into divisions according to goals and strategies. The second implies the delegation of authority to subordinates of the organization.
As a term used in management theory, delegation means transferring tasks and powers to a person who assumes responsibility for their implementation. Delegation is rarely effective if management does not adhere to the principle of compliance, according to which the scope of authority should correspond to the delegated responsibility.
When planning and organizing work, the manager determines what precisely this organization should do, when, how, and who, in their opinion, should do it. If these decisions are made effectively, the managers get the opportunity to translate their findings into deeds, applying the basic principles of motivation in practice. Motivation is the process of encouraging others to work to achieve the personal goals or goals of the organization. Employees tend to reduce motivation, which significantly reduces the efficiency of the company. In this case, the task of the manager is to motivate them to work more productively.
Each employer determines the methods that assist the entire team in meeting their own needs and achieving a common task. Recognition of achievements and encouragement of employees is a rather complex process that requires considering the quantity and quality of work and all the circumstances of the emergence and development of motives for behavior. Therefore, the manager needs to choose the right motivation system concerning subordinates, and each requires an extraordinary approach.
Control is a process that ensures the achievement of the organization’s goals. It is necessary to detect and resolve emerging problems before they become severe and can also be used to stimulate successful activities. The control process consists of setting standards, changing the actual results achieved, and making adjustments if the results differ significantly from the established criteria. Control is a critical and complex management function. One of the essential features of control, which should be taken into account, is that control should be comprehensive. Regardless of his rank, every manager should exercise control as an integral part of his official duties, even if no one has specifically instructed him to do so.
The behavior of people is not the only factor determining the effectiveness of control. For the control to fulfill its proper task, i.e., to ensure the organization’s goals, it must have several important properties. Control is effective if it has a strategic nature, aims to achieve concrete results, is timely, flexible, simple, and economical. Of course, sometimes, it is challenging to implement an effective control system strategy since it is impossible to link the relationship between human capital and the control strategy (Usman et al., 2021). As a result, this may lead to the fact that the company’s services or products will not be in demand among consumers.
All three articles studied correctly describe the need for management in the organization. It improves the organization of activities and production, increases internal indicators, and maintains the workflow’s pace. Enterprises strive to increase income, increase economic competitiveness, and achieve these goals directly depending on managers who set tasks and help employees fulfill them. Each country and organization has its management method. One way or another, it should be, and its basis should be organization, planning, control, and motivation. Management allows the company to solve several internal and external tasks, provides information, analytical, motivational support, and gives both a short-term effect from the use and a long-term one that builds a development strategy for years to come.
In conclusion, organizations are entirely different and have their unique ways of development. Some people manage to build their business very quickly, achieving their goals one by one. Another organization is characterized by slow growth. Everything may depend simply on the specifics of the company, or maybe on the fact that the organization does not have enough departments that would be engaged in such vital functions as management.
The main task that management sets itself is creating rules and determining the reasons that can lead the company to success in its field. Management by setting and implementing goals is carried out at its core, taking into account the assessment of the potential capabilities of the organization, its provision with the necessary resources, and the conditions of competition.
Cohen, S., Eimicke, W.B. (2020). Management Fundamentals. Columbia University Press.
Usman, A., Wirawan, H., & Zulkifli. (2021). The effect of human capital and physical capital on regional financial condition: the moderating effect of management control system. Heliyon, 7(5), 1-10. Web.
Wienclaw, R.A. (2017). Strategies of Management: Vol. Second edition. Salem Press.