Project Charter, Project Scope, and Project Plan

Organizational and managerial projects in business can be frequently described as multi-dimensional initiatives with a significant degree of importance in the context of the overall corporate prosperity. The term project may be applied to a variety of business operations or strategies and includes, but is not limited to, the development and launch of a new product, or a brand’s expansion. Consecutively, the appropriate structuring and outlining of the project is often the factor that may either ensure the efficiency of such corporate innovations or, on the contrary, compromise them. This paper examines the project management tools of charter, scope, and plan to discuss their similarities and differences, as well as the ways in which they contribute to a project’s average success.

Project charter is the most effective marketing instrument for a project, and might sometimes act as its initial root. It is developed in the very beginning of the new initiative when the project’s aims and basic concepts need to be pitched to the management. It’s a great way of keeping track of the correlations between the project and the company’s overall strategy. Despite this, the charter is rarely discussed as a project deliverable, partially because it is used to organize and systemize the other deliverables. A project charter is a formal, usually brief document that outlines the upcoming project in detail, including the goals, how it will be carried out, and who will be involved. It is an essential component of project planning since it is employed throughout the project lifecycle. An average project charter summarizes the rationale for the project’s inception, as well as its goals and restrictions. The major stakeholders, environmental-specific hazards, overall business benefits, and a budget summary are then listed.

Project scope is the managerial summary of a similar sort to project charter which elaborates upon the points outlined in project charter in greater detail. The scope statement typically covers less factors then a project charter, but instead describes them in a less structural and more narrative manner. The scope is generally provided to the project team leads and the contributing members, but it does not tend to contain the breakdown of ways in which tasks will be accomplished. An example for this would be the scope document of an architecture project that outlines the expected locations of gates, windows, and corridors. The scope document is supposed to assist stakeholders in determining whether or not a project is finished. Because the scope document specifies what the project will produce, it may be used at any point during the project to see if it is on track to be implemented successfully. Because of this, scope papers frequently alter throughout the course of a project. Unlike a charter, scope papers are considered living and evolving documents, and the aims can be changed when new information becomes available.

Project plan, when compared to a project charter, is a more functionate document that outlines the expected sequence of steps on the way to the outlined goal. It is more fixed, then the periodically reviewed project scope, but maintains greater focus on the step-by-step course of action within the limits of a project. To specify, it is unlikely for a plan to include a detailed overview of stakeholders involved, as well as other elements not directly related to the execution process of the set objective. From the visual standpoint, a project charter tends to include various graphs and diagrams that aid in demonstrating current market state, target demographics and major competitors. Whereas in the case of project plan visual images are less common and not necessarily expected, despite the managers being able to include them if they wish.

Overall, the modern research into organizational management demonstrates the valuable contribution the project charter development delivers towards general efficiency. Up to 38% of business projects fail due to the lack of planning (Bhagia, 2021), and the project charter introduction facilitates the initiative begins with a proper outline. Figure 1 indicates the average rates of efficiency among the projects equipped with charters. It indicates the way project charters allow for a smooth transition from initial vision to organization-related goals, implementation plan, and budget & risks estimation. The second figure demonstrates the key challenges in modern project management, many of which as stated above could have been resolved successfully by the project charter.

The average rates of efficiency among the projects equipped with charters
Figure 1. The average rates of efficiency among the projects equipped with charters
The Largest Project Management Challenges
Figure 2: The Largest Project Management Challenges

In conclusion, the project charter fits the main objectives of the modern organizational management, providing the businesses with an effective and multi-faceted tool that may be presented in a concise form to different stakeholders. It is useful in both internal communication within the project team and for ensuring the initiative is consistently in line with the overall goals of the business. The components of a project charter may vary depending on both the industry and the particular project, but the main skeleton of rationale, goals, constraints, benefits, stakeholders, and budgeting remain the same. Therefore, project charter might be considered an almost universally applicable project management instrument that fits the accepted processes of the current business landscape. It is not surprising that it is regularly listed as one of the main documents involved in the project management of today.


Bhagia, R. (2021). What is the Importance and Benefits of The Project Charter?. Web.

Ouzer, H. (2021). Business 2 Community. Web.

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