Dubai Cable Company Financial Performance

Abstract

This paper examines an industrial company located in the United Arabs Emirates, Dubai. It examines the financial performance and health of the company using the company’s financial statements that include the income statement and the balance sheet and the ratio calculations, which include the short-term solvency ratios, asset management ratios, debt management ratios, profitability ratios, and the market value ratios. These statements and ratio calculations have been carefully analyzed and examined to give clear information about the company’s performance and series of decision-making. The company that is being examined in this paper is the Dubai Cable Company (Private) Ltd.

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Introduction

Dubai Cable Company (Private) Ltd DUCAB manufactures and supplies high quality power cables to the United Arab Emirates and the Middle East region and in countries like India and Hong Kong (Sharjah, 2012, p.1). DUCAB was established by a man known as Sheikh Rashid Bin Saeed in the month of December in 1977. Sheikh Rashid Bin Saeed was the then president of Dubai and manged to establish the company through the partnership of BICC Cables based in the United Kingdom. Presently, DUCAB has about three facilities that produce cables hence having the ability of manufacturing close to 110,000 metal tones of cables per annum. The company’s product range is type tested and approved by international agencies like Lloyd’s Register, KEMA, and BASEC. Their product range includes the following:

  • “High voltage cable systems
  • Ducab power plus medium voltage power cables up to 33kV
  • Ducab smoke master low smoke and fume cables
  • Ducab FR fire resistant cables
  • Control and auxiliary cables, instrumentation cables, lead-sheathed cables, pilot cables, wiring cables” (Sharjah, 2012, p.1).

In this paper, the financial analysis of DUCAB will be done by looking at the two main financial statements, which include the balance sheet, and the income statement. The main analysis to be done is the ratio analysis, which involves ratio computations to determine the financial status of the company based on the results of the computation.

Below is the income statement of DUCAB company ltd.

Income Statement

Income Statement For DUCAB FY 2007, 2008 and 2009

(Figures USD in ‘000) 2007 2008 2009
Net Sales 600,000 900,000 1,500,000
Cost of Sales (135,000) (150,000,) (250,000)
Gross Income 465,000 750,000 1,250,000
Operating Expenses (SG&A) (120,000) (235,000) (300,000)
Operating Income 345,000 515,000 950,000
Other Income (Expense) 10,000 40,000 60,000
Extraordinary Gain (Loss) (15,000)
Interest Expense (50,000) (50,000) (50,000)
Net Profit Before Taxes (Pretax Income) 305,000 505,000 945,000
Taxes (200,000) (300,000) (475,000)
Net Income 105,000 205,000 470,000

Balance Sheet

Balance Sheet for Dubai Cable Company (DUCAB) Ltd

Balance Sheet for Dubai Cable Company (DUCAB) Ltd

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Report

In order for businesses to stay informed about how they are performing financially, they need to analyze the accounting ratios (Helfert, 2001). The information obtained from ration analysis is not only important to the business enterprise alone but to other stakeholders as well. Some of the other stakeholders that make use of the financial ratios report include debtors, creditors, customers and investment firms just to mention a few. It is because of this that companies are required to have their reports published for the entire public to view them.

In the calculation of the financial ratios, data used is obtained from the two main financial statements, which are the balance sheet, and the income statement. In the case of DUCAB ltd, the data used will be for three years running from 2007 to 2009 and the trend observed.

Short-term Solvency Ratios

Current ratio:

Ratio 2007 2008 2009
= Total Current Assets
Total Current Liabilities
54200/48500
=1.11
43600/54450
=0.8
=59000/ 63600
=0.93

The resulting figure of current ratio determines if a firm is in a position to pay its debts in the short-run. As such, it is an indication of the firms’ liquidity (Ferguson, 2003). “Generally, if current liabilities are over and above the current assets I.e. the current ratio is below 1, then the company may have problems meeting its creditors demand” (Ferguson, 2003). In the case of DCAN ltd, the current ratio above 1 in 2007, then goes down to 0.8 in 2008 before going up to 0.9 in 2009. This means that in 2007 the company was able to meet its short-term liabilities unlike in the next years of 2008 and 2009. It should however be noted that the firm’s inability to effectively meet its short-term obligations is not a critical point of correction as the firm may have efficient prospects in the long-term instead.

Quick ratio:

Ratio 2007 2008 2009
= Quick Ratio
Total Current Assets- Inventories
Total Current Liabilities
=54200- 32100
48500
=0.5
=43600- 40000
54450
=0.06
=59000-52300
63600
=0.1

Also known as the acid ratio or the liquidity ratio, it measures how fast a company can meet its current liabilities using the quick assets and/or the cash at hand. Quick assets are the current assets that can easily be converted into cash without a significant change in their book value. A company that has a quick ratio of lees than 1 is said not to be in a position of paying back its current liabilities. In our case here, the company’s quick ratio, which is less than 1 in all the three years, indicates that the company’s near cash and quick assets cannot be able to meet the current liabilities.

Receivables turnover:

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Ratio 2007 2008 2009
= Sales
Account Receivable
600,000
2600
=222
900000
3700
=243
1500000
4500
=333

This measures the effectiveness of a firm in terms of credit extension. In other words, it measures how the firm uses its assets or rather resources. As such, it used to indicate how well the firm makes use of the company’s assets. For instance, if a firm does most of its transactions through operating cash, this will be detected using this ratio, as the receivables turnover will definitely be high.

Day’s receivables turnover:

Ratio 2007 2008 2009
= 365
Receivables Turnover
= 365
222
=1.64
= 365
243
=1.5
= 365
333
=1.1

This measures the amount of time that it takes a customer to pay for purchases that have been extended to them on credit. If a company wants to know whether a change in receivables is brought about by a change in sales, it uses the days’ receivables turnover. Day’s receivables ratio is a ratio that seeks to determine the number of days taken by a firm in order to collect money for the products and services that have already been rendered. As for the interpretation of this ratio, if this period takes forty to fifty days on average, then it means that the firm is experiencing problems in regaining money for the services rendered or products sold. It can also imply that the firm has some pressure in its money- in -money -out balance. If the number of days is lower than forty, like in this case it implies that the firm has imposed very harsh policies regarding its credit levels, and this has the effect of blocking any future rise in the revenue obtained from sales.

Inventory turnover:

Ratio 2007 2008 2009
= Cost of goods sold
Inventory
= 135000
32100
=4.2
= 150000
40000
=3.75
= 250000
52300
=4.8

This ratio is used to determine the status of management of a firm’s stock or inventory. In its interpretation, a high inventory turnover ratio implies that the firm is managing its stock efficiently. Inefficiency is depicted when the ratio is below a value of 1. This may be in the form of overstocking, which has the risk of goods becoming obsolete or leading to a rise in the costs of stock holding (Bragg, 2006). A high ratio on the other hand implies that there is some level of shortage, which may result to revenue loss.

Days; inventory:

Ratio 2007 2008 2009
= 365
Inventory Turnover
= 365
4.2
=87
= 365
3.75
=97.3
= 365
4.8
=76

Fixed assets turnover:

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Ratio 2007 2008 2009
= Sales
Net Fixed Assets
= 600000
91600
=6.6
= 900000
99650
=9.03
= 1500000
108000
=13.9

Total assets turnover:

Ratio 2007 2008 2009
= Sales
Total Assets
= 600000
109900
=5.5
= 900000
118150
=7.6
= 1500000
133000
=11.3

Debt Management Ratios

The role of these ratios is to determine how well a business enterprise is able to manage its debt both in the short-term and long-term.

Debt ratio

Ratio 2007 2008 2009
= Total Debt
Total Assets
= 20000
109900
=0.18
= 10000
118150
=0.08
= 12000
133000
=0.09

This ratio determines the level of debt that the firm has by relating to its assets level. If it is more than one, it implies that the firm is in trouble as its debts are more compared to the assets. If the firm has a debt ratio that is less than 1, it implies that its debt load is much lighter compared to its assets.

Debt equity ratio

Ratio 2007 2008 2009
= Total Debt
Total Owner’s Equity
= 20000
31700
=0.63
= 10000
40000
=0.25
= 12000
40400
=0.3

Equity multiplier

Ratio 2007 2008 2009
= Total Assets
Total Owner’s Equity
= 109900
31700
=3.4
= 118150
40000
=3.0
= 133000
40400
=3.3

This is used to indicate the value for investment leverage of a firm. It indicates the ratio of a firm’s assets compared to the equity of the shareholders. If the value of this ratio is high, it implies that the firm is highly leveraged.

Profitability Ratios

Profit margin

Ratio 2007 2008 2009
= Net Income
Sales
= 105000
600000
=0.175
= 205000
900000
=0.3
= 470000
1500000
=0.31

Return on assets

Ratio 2007 2008 2009
= Net Income
Total Assets
= 105000
109900
=0.96
= 205000
118150
=1.74
= 470000
133000
=3.5

Return on equity

Ratio 2007 2008 2009
= Net Income
Total Owner’s Equity
= 105000
31700
=3.3
= 205000
40000
=5.125
= 470000
40400
=11.6

Market value ratios

Price/ Earnings Ratio

Ratio 2007 2008 2009
= Price per share
Earnings per share
=6400
22400
=0.3
= 6400
29600
0.2
= 7000
28000
0.25

Market-to-Book Ratio

Ratio 2007 2008 2009
= Price per share
Book Value Per Share
=6400
2500
=2.56
= 6400
3000
=2.1
= 7000
4400
=1.6

Other Ratios

Earnings per share

Ratio 2007 2008 2009
= Net Income
Number of outstanding shares
= 105000
6400
=16.4
= 205000
6400
=32
= 470000
7000
=67

Book value per share

Ratio 2007 2008 2009
= Total owners’ equity
Number of outstanding shares
= 31700
6400
=5.0
= 40000
6400
=6.25
= 44000
7000
=6.3

Reference List

Bragg, S 2006 Financial analysis: A controller’s guide, John Wiley & Sons, Hoboken.

Ferguson, S 2003, Financial analysis of M&A integration, McGraw-Hill, New York.

Helfert, E 2001, Financial analysis: tools and techniques: A guide for managers, McGraw-Hill, Boston.

Sharjah, S 2012, Ducab Dubai Cable Company, Web.

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