Income Statement Analysis Guide & Free Essay Samples

An income statement refers to a financial report that analyzes the company’s earnings and expenses over a specific period. This tool helps businesses cope with financial difficulties and inflation. The importance of an income statement lies in its ability to increase the organization’s profitability and avoid the expenditure of excess funds.

🔝 Top-10 Examples of Income Statement Analysis

  1. Financial Statements, Contents and Importance
  2. Etihad Etisalat Company's Marketing Tactics
  3. Sharjah Islamic Bank Financial Performance
  4. Apple Company's Financial Performance
  5. Apple Company's Performance
  6. Apple Objectives, Goals for the Future, and Mission: Procurement Analysis
  7. Automotive Fun and Service Company: Business Plan
  8. Nike Business Strategy Case Study: Industry, Corporate Social Responsibilities, and Strategic Decisions Analysis
  9. Pepsi Company Problems and Solutions
  10. Texas Instruments Inc: Financial Planning and Forecasting

🎓 Income Statement Explained

Understanding the definition, types, and significance of an income statement is essential to comprehend how a business operates and how money flows in and out of a company.

What Is an Income Statement?

An income statement is one of 3 critical financial statements that a firm uses to report its financial performance over a specific period. The method compares a company’s revenue with its expenses to get the bottom line, which is the net profit or loss. Also, it helps analyze business efficiency and provides helpful insights into a company’s sales.

What Does an Income Statement Look Like?

The income statements can be different for various businesses but with the same set of data: total revenue, total expenses, and net income. These 3 components represent the very minimum of information. Additional details are typically given to help workers better understand the organization’s financial activity.

The income statement consists of the following components:

  1. Total revenue is the sum of money a company earns during a reporting period.
  2. Total expenses are the amount a company spends during a reporting period.
  3. Net income is total revenues minus all business expenses, including taxes, costs, and allowances.
  4. Costs of goods sold (COGS) are the direct costs of manufacturing the company’s products or services.
  5. Product-level revenue is the revenue linked to a specific product the company sells.
  6. Interest expense is the company’s interest payments on any borrowed funds.
  7. Gross profit is total revenue without COGS.
  8. Selling, general, and administrative expenses (SG&A) are all non-production costs associated with operating the company and selling the products. They include expenditures on advertising, bonuses, accounting, marketing, travel, etc.

📋 Income Statement Analysis Template

Income statement analysis is the tool used to determine financial ratios that can be utilized to evaluate the company’s performance over time or compare one company with another. This report represents a firm’s financial situation and helps it create a strategic plan to strengthen its weak areas.

There are 2 types of income statement analysis: vertical and horizontal. They differ in how a statement is interpreted and what comparisons one can draw from them.


Vertical analysis is a financial analysis in which each line item in the statement is represented as a percentage of a base figure, namely, gross sales. It involves reading down one column of data and comparing elements with each other. For example, one can determine the relative size of various expenses within operating expenses. Since the company can examine relative proportions, this analysis makes it straightforward to compare financial statements across periods, industries, and firms. Investors use this strategy to delve deeply into a company’s current position regarding such ratios as total assets and working capital.


In contrast, a horizontal analysis looks at the same figure across different reporting periods. The method usually involves comparing absolute values but can also be represented as a percentage of the dollar amount in the base year. Companies use a horizontal analysis to determine their financial performance over time, discover trends, and find factors contributing to their success or failure.

🚫 Income Statement Limits

The income statement has several limits, so it is not always the best source of information. For example, it only shows part of the bigger picture since it does not show the purchases made using a credit card or cash. Also, the income report frequently employs estimations rather than exact numbers. That is why making important decisions and analyzing broad concepts can be challenging.

✔️ Reading an Income Statement — Tips

We have prepared several helpful tips on how to read the income statement to receive as many benefits as possible:

  1. Examine all of the math. Analyzing math data is crucial to uncovering mistakes and better understanding how numbers work.
  2. Identify the bottom line. The bottom line will aid in creating a strategic plan for saving money in case the company has many extra expenses.
  3. Take a look at the revenue sources. Analyzing the revenue sources will assist in creating a revenue model suitable for your business.
  4. Consider the expenses. You need to learn why the business is borrowing money to find a solution to its financial problems.
  5. Compare numbers for each year. Analyzing performance changes over time will help avoid possible risky situations.

Income statements are essential decision-making tools. Companies turn to them when choosing a growth strategy or deciding to cut expenses. Hopefully, this article has given you some insights into income statement analysis. Don’t miss the examples below!

📝 Income Statement Analysis Research Paper Examples

  1. GlaxoSmithKline Company Marketing Plan
    Business essay sample: This paper provides a marketing plan for GlaxoSmithKline Company. It provides an analysis of the forces that prevail in the market for pharmaceutical products.
  2. Target Corporation Marketing Plan for Clothing
    Business essay sample: This report presents a marketing proposal for Target Corporation’s new line of clothing product - Ava & Viv dedicated to plus-size women and teens.
  3. Walmart Company's Marketing Analytics
    Business essay sample: In this paper, the researcher will analyze marketing strategies used by Wal-Mart and determine the level to which it applies marketing analytics with the view of making recommendations.
  4. AFDCO Incorporation: Business Plan
    Business essay sample: AFDCO Incorporation is a private limited company, which was established in 2000 in the UAE. The firm operates in the UAE’s beverage industry, and it is headquartered at Al Quoz, Dubai.
  5. EasyJet Company's Comprehensive Manner
    Business essay sample: This study evaluated the current EasyJet Company's operations and availed recommendations on the expected procedures towards profit making.
  6. New Age Recyclers Company's Business Plan
    Business essay sample: This is a strategic plan of New Age Recyclers who aim to enter into the waste management business and offer waste collection services, recycling, and market waste consumables.
  7. Julphar Gulf Pharmaceutical Industries: Financial Analysis
    Business essay sample: Julphar Gulf Pharmaceutical Industries is a leading pharmaceutical company based in the U.A.E. that carries research, development, and distribution of medicines.
  8. Wal-Mart Stores' Strategic Management
    Business essay sample: The article analyses the mission statements, objectives, and values of Wal-Mart, the supermarket store. It suggests the best strategic management practices.
  9. Green Life Company's Business Financial Plan
    Business essay sample: Green Life Company will be a new start-up wholesale and distribution of Mosquito killer lamps imported from Taiwan to the United States markets.
  10. Services in the Banking Sector: Barclays Bank
    Business essay sample: The paper characterises services in the banking sector: intangibility, inseparability, perishability, variability, and performance and risk management in the Barclays Bank.
  11. Business Plan: New Age Recyclers
    Business essay sample: This strategic plan is for the proposed New Age Recyclers located in the UAE within the region of Abu Shagara, Sharjah.
  12. Islamic Financial Institutions: Accounting Concepts
    Business essay sample: The main focus is on the analysis of differences in accounting between commercial banks and Islamic financial institutions.
  13. Lowe’s Companies Inc.’s Consolidated Balance Sheets
    Business essay sample: This paper analyzes the Lowe’s consolidated balance sheets to perform the trend analysis, including horizontal and vertical analysis and also the financial ratio analysis.
  14. Dubai Cable Company Financial Performance
    Business essay sample: This paper examines the Dubai Cable Company, its financial performance and health to give clear information about the company’s series of decision-making.
  15. Sunoco, Inc. Financial Analysis Report.
    Business essay sample: Sunoco refines and markets petroleum. Sunoco also manufactures petrochemicals that are used in making fibers, plastics, film and resins.
  16. We Guess You’re Wrong Company: Financial Plan
    Business essay sample: A financial plan identifies the current financial condition of a We Guess You’re Wrong business and what the entity wants to achieve in the future.
  17. Walt Disney World Financial Analysis
    Business essay sample: There was a significant increase in the values of return on equity for the Walt Disney company. The values were higher than the industry average.
  18. Financial Statements Definition, Types, & Examples
    Business essay sample: Three main financial statements of an entity as per GAAP are Balance Sheet, Income Statement (also known as Profit and Loss account), and Cash Flow Statement.
  19. Companies Financial Statements Overview
    Business essay sample: The essay describes the purpose of the financial statements for organizations and examines what types of statements are used and their scope of the companies.
  20. Abbott Laboratories: Company History and Performance
    Business essay sample: Abbot Laboratory’s performance improved in the three years under consideration as well the stock performed well.
  21. Management Accounting. World Wrestling Federation
    Business essay sample: The main strategy of WWE is to capitalise operation leverage and expanding it in the promotional activities of WWE brand in the domestic and international markets.
  22. RadioShack Company's Operation Analysis
    Business essay sample: RadioShack “is one of the nations most experienced and trusted consumer electronics specialty retailers, offering innovative products and services from leading brands.”
  23. Florist Boutique + Café: Business Plan
    Business essay sample: The business plan is going to be prepared on a combined flower shop and coffee house known as “Florist Boutique + Café”.
  24. RelaxO Company’s Business Development and Production Plan
    Business essay sample: RelaxO is focused on providing a comfortable resting place for passengers at Indira Gandhi Airport through the use of high-quality boxes built using high-quality materials.
  25. Smart Travel Tours Limited: Business Plan
    Business essay sample: The intended business venture is a private limited company. The firm will deal in the offering of travel services to the market.
  26. Accounting Fraud: The Bank of America
    Business essay sample: The bank of America has been the people’s bank for a long time and is preferred due to its quality services. There are a lot of allegations that have been out across and thus costing the bank a lot.
  27. KSA Financial Market in Saudi Arabia
    Business essay sample: The report talks about the financial market in Saudi Arabia, the banking system and banks in Saudi, the Saudi insurance system and companies, and the stock market in Saudi.
  28. Pizza Restaurant: Analysis, Establishment, Teamwork
    Business essay sample: Pizza’s primary goal should be to provide values to its esteemed customers. The management should focus on the friendly services that will surpass customers’ expectation.
  29. Managing People, Finance and Marketing
    Business essay sample: In managerial grid approach, there are five types of leadership practiced by different manager in different organisational arrangement.
  30. Shangri-La Hotel Group Case Study
    Business essay sample: The Shangri-La Hotel Group has managed to succeed because of its superior products and services, and a respectable international record of accomplishment.
  31. Amazon: Financial Analysis
    Business essay sample: Amazon should focus on its competencies to stay ahead of the competition and leverage its immense skills and experiences to improve the quality of services and goods.
  32. The Financial Analysis of Coca-Cola
    Business essay sample: The financial analysis of Coca-Cola is performed in this section, which focuses on the company’s financial performance and its stock price movements in the last five years.
  33. Fashion Merchandise Management
    Business essay sample: This paper aims to identify specific incidental risk costs relevant to fashion merchandise management and relate some of the critical accounting tools to business operations.
  34. Computershare Limited Analysis of Company
    Business essay sample: The report indicates a subdued performance by the company Computershare during 2009-2010 with a lower level stock price as compared to the year 2008-2009.
  35. The Home Depot Company: Overview
    Business essay sample: This paper presents information about Home Depot which is amongst the largest companies in the United States that offer services in home improvements.
  36. Financial Overview of an Australian Company David Jones Ltd.
    Business essay sample: The purpose of the paper is to analyze the financial stability of David Jones. After considering all the ratios, an investor would find it valuable to invest in this company.
  37. Financial Analysis of Procter and Gamble Company
    Business essay sample: This paper analyzes the income statement, balance sheet, financial ratios, and cash flow of Procter and Gamble Company for the last three years with a focus on examining its economic progress.
  38. Borders Group Inc.'s Financial Analysis
    Business essay sample: The profitability of Borders has been declining gradually since 2005. This has been attributed to over-expansion programs witnessed during the years 2006 and 2007.
  39. Making Stronger Statements: Cash Flow and Income
    Business essay sample: This paper evaluates the contribution of Bruce Wampler, Harold C., and Timothy Vines towards the possibility of strengthening the cash flows and income statements.
  40. Analysis of The Candy Company, Inc
    Business essay sample: The Candy Company Inc can establish their business in a nation like India to expand their global market as India boasts to have the second-highest population after China.

💡 Essay Ideas on Income Statement Analysis

  1. Ford Motor Company's Income Statement
    Business essay sample: The analysis of income statements provides reviewers and analysts with the most important information regarding a firm’s profitability.
  2. CFO Report on Colgate-Palmolive Company
    Business essay sample: This CFO report is going to focus on the renowned Colgate- Palmolive Company. It is one of the world’s largest cosmetics and toiletries companies.
  3. Urban Outfitters Inc. and Tiffany & Co.'s Comparative Analysis
    Business essay sample: This paper seeks to compare Urban Outfitters Inc. with Tiffany & Co. under the retail business industry using their annual reports and other appropriate source materials.
  4. International Accounting Standards 2 – Inventories
    Business essay sample: This paper seeks to analyze how the International Accounting Standards or International Financial Reporting Standards handle inventories in the accounting practice.
  5. The Friendly Card Inc.: Business Case
    Business essay sample: The main objective of Friendly Card Inc. in purchasing the machine is to increase its profit. The machine will help the company in reduction of lead time, and operations costs.
  6. David Jones Company Analysis
    Business essay sample: David Jones is an Australian business entity operating a wide network of department stores in New South Wales, Victoria, Queensland, South and Western Australia.
  7. Fujairah Building Industry Analysis
    Business essay sample: Fujairah Building Industry is a public joint-stock company that was set up in Fujairah, which is owned mainly by the government of Fujairah, department of industry and economy.
  8. GAAP Overview, Benefits, and Alternatives
    Business essay sample: This report defines GAAP and highlights its history, importance, principles, benefits, limitations, and alternatives.
  9. Bagpuss Import Ltd: Company Analysis
    Business essay sample: Bagpuss Import Ltd, a company that is in the business of wholesale of a new brand of ginger ale which is imported from New Zealand for distribution in Australia.
  10. Westfield Company: Financial Analysis
    Business essay sample: The Westfield Group has more than 110 shopping centers with more than 4,000 employees around the world, and is the largest retail property group in the world.
  11. Business Plan Bob’s Fish & Chips
    Business essay sample: This report makes a market analysis of the fast-food industry in the UK using the PEST model. The internal environment of Bob’s Fish & Chips is analyzed using a SWOT analysis.
  12. Basic Financial Statements in Accounting
    Business essay sample: The common financial reports prepared by most organizations include; budgets, cash books, cash flow statements, tax reports, and the balance sheet, just to mention but a few.
  13. Review of Accounting Process and Financial Statements
    Business essay sample: Income statements, balance sheets, and cash flow statements each have a distinct role in analyzing the operating performances and presenting the financial position of the entity.
  14. Cadbury Plc.: Income Statements and Balance Sheets
    Business essay sample: The first, Cadbury plc, is the second-largest candy maker in the world after Mars of the USA; as well, Cadbury ranks right after global leader Wrigley’s in chewing gum.
  15. Companies Accounting Principles
    Business essay sample: Companies prepare financial statements such as the balance sheet, income statement, and cash flow statement so as to determine their financial position.
  16. Financial Proposal For ‘SILK’ Hair Protection Gel
    Business essay sample: The business proposal must present an estimated cash flow showing the likely amount of cash that the business can generate during the first year of production.
  17. Business Plan E & D Hamburger Restaurant
    Business essay sample: This business plan presents a marketing, financial and operational analysis of the E & D Hamburger Restaurant.
  18. Financial Analysis and Company Performance
    Business essay sample: The article argues the importance of drawing and increasing share value versus spending to better support the company by investors.
  19. Walmart Ltd Financial Analysis
    Business essay sample: The article presents financial statements with full compliance with GAAP and other accounting principles and gives the true picture of the company Walmart.
  20. Colgate-Palmolive Company: Financial Research Report
    Business essay sample: Colgate-Palmolive Company leads in the Personal and Household Products industry; it produces consumer products that are sold in at least 200 different countries and regions.
  21. Allocation of Fixed Costs
    Business essay sample: A segmented income statement is an important component in a firm’s financial reporting. This is mainly so concerning firms that have diversified their operation.
  22. Managing the Allowances for Uncollectible Accounts
    Business essay sample: The management of cash and accounts, including the notes receivable, is vital to maintaining sufficient liquidity. These assets can also include accounts payable and inventories.
  23. Morrison’s and Sainsbury’s Comparative Financial Analysis
    Business essay sample: MRW is a United Kingdom-based company engaged in the operation of retail supermarket stores. Its business is mainly related to food and grocery.
  24. Income and Cash Flow Statements
    Business essay sample: Balance sheets, income statements, and cash flow statements are financial statements used by most businesses and practitioners for financial reporting purposes.
  25. IFRS v. US GAAP: What's the Difference?
    Business essay sample: The US GAAP and IFRS differ on the presentation and recording of certain financial items, which are investigated in the following paper.
  26. Du Company: Review
    Business essay sample: Du telecommunication UAE is an organization that operates in the UAE by providing telecommunication products and services to the entire UAE population.
  27. Billabong International Limited (BBG): Company Analysis
    Business essay sample: The negative effects associated with globalization have heavily affected the operations of multinational corporations, Billabong included.
  28. Financial Management: Barclays Bank Analysis
    Business essay sample: It will be of great value for Barclays to seek funds by being listed on the London stock exchange because the benefits outweigh the limitations.
  29. Analysis of Telstra Company
    Business essay sample: The aim of this report is to give an examination and assessment of the current and potential profitability, and fiscal stability of Telstra Company.
  30. EBay Inc.'s Financial Health in 1999-2000
    Business essay sample: The information from the ratio and the vertical and horizontal analysis clearly shows that the eBay company is very sound,
  31. Stock Analysis Project for Cat Company
    Business essay sample: Caterpillar Inc leads globally, by revenue, in the manufacture of construction/mining equipment, diesel/natural gas engines, industrial gas turbines, electric power plants.
  32. Income and Cash Flows Statements
    Business essay sample: This paper analyzes the income statement and the cash flows of the business on a monthly, quarterly, and yearly basis using the information provided.
  33. The Pudong Coffee Shop Analysis
    Business essay sample: The analysis of the Pudong Coffee Shop company is in three aspects financial performance, projection, and recommendations.
  34. Microsoft: Financial Statement Analysis
    Business essay sample: This financial analysis of Microsoft has presented a forward-looking statement in context of the present financial condition of the company.
  35. Financial Statements: an Income Statement
    Business essay sample: There are a few principles of income statements that have to be considered when drafting the statement. The principles are namely revenue, losses, gains, and expenses.
  36. Accounting Report on Queen Limited
    Business essay sample: The paper will analyze the current financial position of the company. The analysis will be based on the ratios calculated for the financial year ended 30th June 2011 and 2013.
  37. Corporate Finance: General Motors Company
    Business essay sample: The good performance is expected to continue for the next five years provided the General Motors Company can predict the changes in the financial market.
  38. SodaStream’s Capital Structure, Returns, and Growth
    Business essay sample: The purpose of this paper is to analyze the capital structure that SodaStream would use to lower its cost of capital.
  39. Rolls Royce’s Financial Performance and Corporate Social Responsibility
    Business essay sample: Rolls Royce's financial stability has stayed almost stable over the five years. The company has better financial performance than the other two firms, Safran and General Electric.
  40. The Sustainability of Apple’s Success
    Business essay sample: This analysis is a case study of two reports by Ireland & Hoskissen (2009) and Ashcroft (2010). Their reports show how market changes have affected Apple’s competitive landscape.

👍 Good Income Statement Analysis Essay Examples to Write about

  1. Deltic Timber Corporation Financial Analysis
    Business essay sample: This paper shows the financial data use in financial analysis in decision-making for potential investors, by carrying out a broad financial analysis for Deltic Timber Corporation.
  2. Ocean Commercial Holdings: Accounting
    Business essay sample: The primary line of business of the company is the production and sale of daily products such as ice cream, milk packing, yoghurt, and chilled dairy products among others.
  3. Whirlpool Corporation: Analysis of Accounting Principles
    Business essay sample: The paper describes a publically traded company Whirlpool Corporation that sells inventory products and uses the last-in-first-out (LIFO) method of accounting.
  4. Herfy Company: Financial Analysis
    Business essay sample: Herfy’s vision is to develop world-class products and, in the process, to play a leading role in the development of the Saudi food industry.
  5. Next PLC, Clothing Retail Company
    Business essay sample: Next PLC is considered among companies in the clothing retail industry with a high growth rate and an increasing market share.
  6. Abu Dhabi Ship Building Financial Report
    Business essay sample: The focus of the paper is to establish the operational excellence of the company and the supporting financial capability behind the success of the Abu Dhabi Ship Building Company.
  7. Financial Analysis: A Case for Coca-Cola and Pepsi
    Business essay sample: This paper analyzes Pepsi versus Coca-Cola, describes the companys' history, product, major customers, major suppliers, and leadership, and provides a synopsis of each company.
  8. General Mills and Meiji Holdings Co., Ltd.: Financial Statements
    Business essay sample: The two companies, General Mills and Meiji Holdings Co., Ltd., disclose different components of stockholders’ equity. The paper aims to analyze and compare them.
  9. Financial Statement Analysis of Whirlpool Corporation
    Business essay sample: Whirlpool Corporation is a multinational company that is based in the United States. The corporation operates in the household appliance industry and produces home appliances.
  10. John Deere & Company: Analysis of Annual Report
    Business essay sample: This paper seeks to carry out an analytic review of the performance of Deere & Company for the past five years. The results will be compared with those of its competitors.
  11. The General Mills Ltd. and Meiji Holdings Company: Financial Accounting
    Business essay sample: There are a number of differences that can be spotted in the financial statements of the two companies. This paper compares financial accounting in these two companies.
  12. Big Rock and Brick Brewing Financial Position
    Business essay sample: The purpose of this paper is to discuss the strategies of Big Rock and Brick Brewing Co and their financial position.
  13. Deere & Company's Authenticity and Financial Performance
    Business essay sample: This paper is to explicitly review the authenticity of Deere & Company in terms of financial performance to guide the client as a finance manager on the best investment decision.
  14. Coach Incorporation: Individual Case Analysis
    Business essay sample: This paper analyzes Coach Incorporation's strategic capabilities, provides company situation analysis, and gives generic and grand strategy recommendations.
  15. Financial Ratio Analysis of Family Dollar 2010-2013 Financial Statements
    Business essay sample: Family Dollar uses a large proportion of long-term debt, which causes it to have higher interest expenses than Dollar Tree. A higher degree of leverage increases risk for an investor.
  16. Abu Dhabi Council in Relation to Volvo Ocean Race
    Business essay sample: This report seeks to analyze some components of the Abu Dhabi Council in relation to the Volvo Ocean Race. It seeks to determine the factors related to the investments.
  17. Unilens Vision Incorporation's Company Analysis
    Business essay sample: This paper demonstrates the use of real financial data in decision-making for potential investors. This analysis attempts to reflect on the financial analysis.
  18. Hamdan Footwear Start-Up Company's Business Plan
    Business essay sample: Hamdan Footwear is a start-up company, that planned to start operating in June 2015. The semi-mechanized footwear production unit will focus on footwear for ladies.
  19. Starbucks Corporation's Accounting Analysis
    Business essay sample: Starbucks offers an opportunity to shareholders to increase the value of their investment. The firm has high returns on equity and assets, which is a good indication for investors.
  20. Canadian Tire Corporation: Financial Statements
    Business essay sample: This paper provides information about the balance sheet, income statement, and statement of cash flow of the Canadian Tire Corporation.
  21. Financial Analysis and Control System of Ocado Group
    Business essay sample: The discussion hows a worsening trend of profitability of the Group. It is of greater concern since the firm's objectives are to maximize profitability and shareholders’ wealth.
  22. Jokkomok Industries Company's Cost Behavior
    Business essay sample: Based on the calculations shown above, it can be established that Mr. Rosen ensured that the number of units produced during the period increased.
  23. Islamic Finance: Sharjah Islamic Bank
    Business essay sample: The Islamic business model is based on shared interests’ policy and it avoids practicing immoral or unethical use of monetary loans as it is prohibited in the Koran.
  24. Financial Accounting - Losses and Risks
    Business essay sample: Losses are determined by comparing the running book balance of the asset with a reasonable value, probably the market value, to determine if there are losses.
  25. Wm Morrison Supermarkets PLC: Financial Analysis
    Business essay sample: The paper seeks to carry out a financial analysis of Wm Morrison Supermarkets PLC for a period of two years. The gearing ratio of the company increased during the period.
  26. Profiles of Nestle and Sabic
    Business essay sample: This report is a proposal to Nestle for a joint venture to package their products. The venture is aimed at shoring up the business prospects of the three companies.
  27. Jokkmokk Industries: Absorption and Contribution Margin Income Statements
    Business essay sample: The absorption accounting method involves the generalization of fixed costs and variable costs when calculating gross profit.
  28. Danish Crown and Panera Bread: Financial Statements
    Business essay sample: The paper aims to develop an understanding of financial statements by comparing and contrasting the financial statements of two companies, including Danish Crown and Panera Bread.
  29. The Costa Company: Financial Statement
    Business essay sample: The profitability of Costa Company is established with the aid of profitability ratios. Some of them include: gross profit margin, net profit margin, and return on assets.
  30. The XYZ Construction Company: Analysis of Financial and Accounting Processes
    Business essay sample: This research paper will discuss the financial statements and networking capital of the XYZ Construction Company.
  31. General Motors: Financial Performance
    Business essay sample: The paper evaluates the changes in General Motors’ short-term and long-term liquidities, and its profitability between 2011 and 2012.
  32. Financial Indicators in Income Statements
    Business essay sample: The research identifies factors that can be added to income statements and auditing reports without leading to changes in the auditing standards.
  33. Imperial Tobacco Company Analysis
    Business essay sample: Imperial Tobacco Company is a renowned corporation using its resources to produce quality products that suit users' needs. This report offers an in-depth analysis of ITC.
  34. Sysco and the Bidvest Group: Financial Management
    Business essay sample: The Bidvest Group is far more viable as an investment as compared to Sysco based on its financial and stock performance.
  35. Income Statement: Apple and Samsung
    Business essay sample: Both Apple and Samsung have provided consistent financial statements that are composed in a convenient manner in terms of comparative analysis.
  36. Absorption Costing Approach
    Business essay sample: The article discusses the benefits of the efficiency-based absorption costing approach. Benjamin, Muthaiyah, and Marathamuthu point out the advantages of this approach.
  37. International Accounting in Comparison
    Business essay sample: In the United Kingdom, companies have the option of either preparing their accounts by the International Financial Reporting Standards or the local Generally Accepted Accounting Principles.
  38. Ford Motor Company and Tesla: Financial Statement Analysis
    Business essay sample: The paper contains a brief overview of Ford Motor Company and Tesla and the financial statement analysis project for both companies.
  39. Apple Financial Analysis Project
    Business essay sample: The Apple Inc company is famous for the production of a wide range of smartphones (iPhones), media players (iPod Touch) and tablet computers (iPad)
  40. Financial Analysis – John Lewis Partnership Plc.
    Business essay sample: John Lewis Partnership Plc. is one of the leading multichannel stores companies. The company has a long history of corporate success and development in the UK retail sector.

🎓 Simple Research Paper Examples with Income Statement Analysis

  1. Company Analysis of Chevron and Economic Factors That Affects
  2. Financial Projections, the Firm’s Growth Strategy
  3. Financial Statement Analysis: Saudi Cement Company
  4. Johnson and Johnson Financial Ratio Analysis
  5. Museum of Contemporary Art of Georgia Financial Analysis
  6. Financial Statements: Purpose and Importance
  7. Noble Ketchup Manufacturing Company Business Plan
  8. New Footwear Product – Tarco Footwear Company
  9. Apple Market Position Analysis
  10. Exxon vs. Chevron: Financial Analysis
  11. Halliburton Company's Financial Accounting of 2015
  12. Fashion Clothing Company's Financial Statements
  13. Aspects of Financial Accounting
  14. Kellogg Company's Financial Analysis in 2013-2015
  15. Income Statement: Definition, Explanation and Examples
  16. Hong Kong Stock Market: The Relationship between Stock Returns and Three Ratio Variables
  17. Corporate Finance: Equity Financing and Debt Financing
  18. Panera Bread Company: Financial Performance
  19. Greene King Plc and Enterprise Inn Plc: Financial Comparison
  20. Statement of Cash Flows
  21. Kyle’s Lawns Inc.’s Income Statements Analysis
  22. The Analysis of Apple Company
  23. Financial Statements in Accounting
  24. HAYLO Hair Products Company Analysis
  25. BP Plc.: Company Analysis
  26. Case Study: St. Edith Memorial Hospital
  27. Emirates Airlines' Current Financial Situation Analysis
  28. Baric Footwear Limited: New Footwear Product
  29. PepsiCo and the Issue of Its Growth Stock
  30. Analysis of Multinational Corporations
  31. Company's Income Statement: Description, Advantages, and Disadvantages
  32. The Annual Financial Report of Apple Inc.
  33. PepsiCo Inc. and The Coca Cola Company's Financial Analysis
  34. The Operational Performance of Lena Sewing Enterprises
  35. Just for Feet Inc. Financial Analysis
  36. Kyle’s Lawns Inc.’s Final Accounts Analysis
  37. Financial Analysis of KOSS Corporation
  38. Financial Analysis of Koss Corporation
  39. Financial Analysis of Cavco Industries INC.

✍️ Income Statement Analysis Essay Examples for College

  1. The Role of the CFompany's Financial Statements. Gains and Losses Report
  2. Analysis of the Harley-Davidson Motorcycles Firm
  3. Global Accounting Rules: An Unfeasible Aim by Fearnley and Sunder
  4. Wm Morrison Supermarkets Plc. and J Sainsbury Plc.: Financial Analysis
  5. Gazprom: Actual Capitalization, Profitability, Threats
  6. Analyzing Proforma Statements
  7. XYZ Cleaning Company Business Plan
  8. AGL Energy Limited Company Making 10-Year Forecast
  9. Balance Sheet. Components Analysis
  10. ALFIN Mills Inc.'s Financial Forecasting
  11. Financial Analysis: Simulation Analysis
  12. Financial Analysis of Ebay Inc. Company
  13. Financial Analysis of Lululemon Athletics
  14. Apple Incorporation Financial Performance
  15. XYZ Cleaning Company Analysis
  16. Graphic Packaging’s Operational and Financial Details
  17. Financial Analysis of Coca-Cola Company
  18. Tassal Group's Working Capital Management
  19. Cummins Inc.: Financial Analysis
  20. ESSA Bancorp, Inc.: The Financial Analysis
  21. United Kaipara Dairies Company: Financial Analysis
  22. Financial Information Sparklin Automotive Company
  23. Jawil Food and Drinks Restaurant’s Business Plan
  24. AlDar Company Valuation
  25. The Vertical Analysis of the Apple a Day and Healthy Edibles
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BusinessEssay. (2023, March 25). Income Statement Analysis Guide & Free Essay Samples. Retrieved from


BusinessEssay. (2023, March 25). Income Statement Analysis Guide & Free Essay Samples.

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"Income Statement Analysis Guide & Free Essay Samples." BusinessEssay, 25 Mar. 2023,


BusinessEssay. (2023) 'Income Statement Analysis Guide & Free Essay Samples'. 25 March.


BusinessEssay. 2023. "Income Statement Analysis Guide & Free Essay Samples." March 25, 2023.

1. BusinessEssay. "Income Statement Analysis Guide & Free Essay Samples." March 25, 2023.


BusinessEssay. "Income Statement Analysis Guide & Free Essay Samples." March 25, 2023.