Economics Paper Samples

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The Efficient Market Hypothesis’ Concept

Introduction The concept of the Efficient Market Hypothesis (EMH) is fairly simple. According to the primary tenets of the theory, the available information encrypted in share prices reflects the current situation completely. Herein the crucial assumption of the theory lies; based on the concept of information availability, it is practically...

Interest Rate, Risk-Return and Time Value of Money

Introduction The interest rate is a significant variable in the economy because it shows the number of returns that are due to financial instruments. It also determines the amount of saving and borrowing. It also influences other key variables such as investment and inflation among others. Literature review From a...

Tourism in Dubai: Economic Factors of Demand

Introduction Tourism refers to travelling for the purpose of pleasure, research or business. The concept of tourism covers a very wide area of the economy. These areas include the travel or transport industry, the hotel and accommodations sector as well as the agriculture sector and the manufacturing industry. Tourism has...

Economics for Managers

The main market structures that business can take place are four. Although, they are interrelated in some ways, the dynamics of trade in each is different (Albarran, 2009, p. 31). The main market structures taught in this course are perfect competition, oligopoly, monopolistic competition and monopoly. Oligopoly market structure An...

Perfect Competition’ Characteristics

Introduction Perfect competition refers to the type of market where competition is experienced at its highest possible level (Djolov 200). Perfect competition can be described based on a number of features evident at the market setting. Consider a vegetable vendor in a busy street selling kales and onions in the...

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Latin America Economic Growth

Introduction Rodríguez (2009) refers to the economic growth of Latin America as disappointing because it has been slow compared to other regions in the world. Despite having a good environment to promote economic growth, the region has been characterized by low per capita GDP. The economic growth of Latin America...

Gross Domestic Product in Gulf Cooperation Council

Bahrain Data Subject Descriptor Gross domestic product, constant prices Gross domestic product, constant prices Gross domestic product, current prices Units National currency (Bahraini Dinar) Percent change U.S. dollars Scale Billions Billions 1995 4.565 1.923 6.785 1996 4.714 3.25 7.055 1997 4.824 2.348 7.316 1998 5.058 4.849 6.994 1999 5.36 5.972...

The Political Economy of Dubai

The Rentier State Theory A rentier state is one whose economy entirely depends on the income obtained from the selling of natural resources to the outside world; in other words, the proceeds obtained from renting of these resources. Natural resources, in this case, are oil, natural gas, and other mineral...

Economics of Swaziland

Introduction Swaziland is a developing country in Africa. The country is landlocked and depends on South Africa to import and export products. The diagram below shows the geographical location of Swaziland. In 1968, Swaziland achieved independence, and since then, the country has made progress towards improving the sovereignty of the...

Market Liberalization for Developing Countries

Each developing country is unique in its own way. Though the main aim of every country is to attain a state of self-sufficiency, the means of development available for each country is different. Not every country is blessed with abundant natural resources that can enable it to have enough income...

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China’s Economic Resurgence’s Global Implications

Introduction The past three decades have been characterized by numerous transformations in the global economy. The Chinese economy has surpassed that of the United States (Yuan, Liu, and Xie 1809). Interestingly, experts have predicted that the country’s economic growth rate will increase significantly in the future. Petras argues that “political...

Asian Economic Development and Democratization

Introduction Every country has a history of economic growth development. Once a sustainable economic development has been attained in a country, there is a high likelihood of democratic growth in the governing system. On the other side, there is little possibility of a country attaining economic growth and development while...

Economic Development Measuring Methods

Introduction Economic development is the ability of any country/economy to be able to achieve its goals for raised standards of living for its citizens and ensuring that the high standards of living are sustainable. This way, the population within the country can move from a status where it earns a...

Markets and Institutions Role in the Financial Crisis

Introduction Financial markets and institutions, including banking and insurance companies, encounter several risks whenever a crisis threatens them. The risks may be operational, credit, or systematic in nature. Improper mitigation of these risks may translate into the failure of financial systems operations, thus leading to a crisis. The global financial...

Economic Situation in the United States

United States budget and current account deficits Data showing the budget and current account deficits of the United States between 2005 and 2011. Year The budget deficit (U.S. $ billion) Current account deficit (U.S. $ billion) 2005 318.59 175 2006 248.57 210 2007 160.96 190 2008 458.55 158 2009 1412.69...

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Banking Crisis of 2007-2008, Its Actors and Causes

Introduction The 2007/2008 global economic meltdown is considered one of the world’s worst financial crises after the great depression of the 1930s (Fligstein & Roehrkasse 2016; Jensen & Johannesen 2017). It gained this reputation because it affected multiple aspects of economic performance not only in America but also in parts...

Market Structures and Pricing Strategies

All industries can be divided into four market structures: pure competition, monopoly, monopolistic competition, and oligopoly (McConnell, Brue, & Flynn, 2012). These market models substantially differ in several important respects: a number of firms operating in the industry, type of products they produce, control over prices, and conditions of entry...

Saudi Arabian Oil Production and Market Share

Abstract This study is systematic research into justifying the strategy that Saudi Arabia should adopt to maintain stability despite competing fluctuations in oil prices and shrinking market size. The fundamental principles of macroeconomics of demand and supply fail to justify how reducing production quotas could drive up prices and increase...

Global Macroeconomic Policy Indicators

Indicators 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 Real GDP (Current prices US $ billions) C. 1198.5 1324.8 1453.8 1640.9 1931.6 2256.9 2256.9 2712.9 3494.2 4520 4990.5 5878.3 6988.5 A. 4169.2 3804.2 3972.4 4684.6 6152.8 6960.3 7493.1 785.8 954.5 1060.7 987.1 1238 1507.4 G....

World Macroeconomics: Positive and Negative Aspects

Explain the viewpoints of classical and Keynesian economists. How did the economy that existed at the time of these theories influence them? Which theory is more appropriate for the economy today? Why? Classical economists operate in the laisser-faire economic market concept. This is also referred to as the free market...

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United Arab Emirates: Economics and Development

History of UAE and Political structure previous and current United Arab Emirates was initially formed from tribal sheikhdoms that existed along the Persian Gulf. The country borders the Gulf of Oman on the western side. For many years the inhabitants of the region used to harass foreign ship that passed...

Macroeconomic Concepts and Definitions

Definitions Investment can be defined as the acquisition of property or assets that will be used for the generation of wealth. For instance, R&D expenditures of companies can be viewed as a form of investment. The monetary base is the term used to refer to the total amount of currency...

Expansionary Monetary and Fiscal Policies

Introduction Expansionary fiscal policy is a more favorable tool for inducing consumption during a recession. As observed in the Great Recession, the monetary policy failed to provide the required level of aggregate demand that can stimulate production. The Fed has been able to rule out crowding out effects by keeping...

Chinese and Japanese Economics and Politics

Abstract China and Japan are among the leading economies in the world. They have huge influence on a wide range of global issues such as economy, democracy, trade, politics, education, environmental conservation, security, energy, global recession, innovation, technology, agriculture, and manufacturing. They also have immense influence on international organizations such...

The United Arab Emirates Economic: Theories and Trends

Introduction The United Arab Emirates is an economy of the Arab world that has recently been receiving a lot of global attention due to its rapid economic development and other unique fiscal factors that define it. According to Young (9), since the UAE began attracting global attention, analysts have wanted...

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Budget Deficit Issue

Alternative budget action to reduce budget deficit In a scenario where government expenditures exceed government tax revenues in a single year, it is said that the government is running on a budget deficit for that year. Budget deficit normally occurs when the government does not plan its expenses after taking...

Australia’s Inflation and Growth in 1999-2011

Introduction The Australian government has concentrated on controlling inflation to ensure economic growth and stability. The government has minimized debts to limit economic fluctuations by controlling demand. When viewed from a macroeconomic perspective; balance in supply and demand may not result in constant economic growth. With such control over demand,...

Economics: “Intermediate Macro Mechanics” by Ashby

Policy Issues Expansionary Policies Monetary and fiscal policies are used to adjust aggregate demand (APE). Monetary policy influences indirectly APE by adjusting aggregate supply (ASF). This results in a decline in interest rates. The interest-sensitive section of APE thus rises or falls. APE is directly affected by fiscal policy (APE...

China’s Open Market Door Policy and Its Effects

Analysis rate of growth, employment, population and GDP of China before and after open market door policy to the world Launched over three decades ago by Deng Xiaoping, China’s open market door policy aimed at opening the country’s doors to foreign investors. In 1980, Shenzhen, a Special Economic Zones (SEZ)...

Quality Uncertainty and the Market Mechanism

List the difference between the hard method and the hard method, which method is suitable for the case, why it’s the suitable method? The purpose of this study is to analyze the soft and hard approaches to problem-solving in the context of an organization and to measure the extent to...

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Oil Industry and Its Monopolistic Characteristics

Introduction In the competitive global marketplace, companies operate in different market structures. For instance, some companies operate in a monopolistic market while others work in an oligopolistic market. Every country has a monopoly firm that can control the prices of commodities and output. A firm is said to be a...

Chinese and UAE Economic Growth and Policies

Introduction The emergence of the United Arab Emirates (UAE) and China as key players in the world economy is a huge economic advancement experienced within the last four decades. It is fundamental for these two economies to mix with global economies and adapt global changes related to the open market....

Unemployment Rate and Affecting Factors in the US

Abstract The unemployment rate is normally subject to diverse economic factors that prevail in the varied economic environment. In this case, the purpose of the study was to ascertain the influence of inflation rate, gross domestic product, mortgage rate, and income growth rate on the unemployment rate in the United...

Macroeconomic Shocks and Monetary Policy

Macroeconomic Shocks: Excess Demand Cases Six shocks will initiate the macroeconomic coordination process (MCP) of an organization. These shocks are external (they do not respond to a prior change in the level of interest rates or the level of GDP) and involve an initial rise or fall in GDP, APE,...

Unemployment Effects on GDP in the US

Introduction In the contemporary business world, quality management is used to ensure high levels of consistency within firms. This is achieved through practical plans, controls, assurance, and improvements (Dale, Van Der Wiele & Van Iwaarden, 2013: 28). Because quality management does not concentrate on only the quality of goods and...

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Minimum Wage Increase Effect on Unemployment Rate

Introduction Reflectively, there are several factors affecting the rate of unemployment. These factors include minimum wage, wage differential, and other market dynamics. In relation to this research, the scope of the paper will concentrate on establishing the relationship between the unemployment rate and minimum wage. The research paper will also...

Macroeconomic and Financial Analysis: Norway and USA

Background of Norway Norway has a mixed economy that is composed of low trade barriers. Traditionally, Norway’s economy depended on local farming communities where fisheries, oil, and metal contributed the bulk. The oil industry is state-controlled through regulations and large-scale enterprises. Thus, much of the country’s revenue is gotten from...

Chinese Economy: Challenges and Growth

Introduction to doing business in china and why businesses do business in China In November 2001, China officially joined the WTO (World Trade Organization), which caused its rapid growth in trade and foreign investment (Hedley 2011). As a member of the WTO, China has enjoyed reduced tariffs on agreed products,...

UAE and Chinese Economies and Capitalism

Introduction The economic development of any country depends on a number of interrelated components. Major among the issues are political and economic philosophies of a country. This report, therefore, compares and contrasts the UAE and the China economy, evaluating some of the key factors that determine the level and development...

UAE Economic Recovery and Fiscal Policy

Summary of the article The International Monetary Fund estimates that the United Arab Emirates’ economic growth will slow down from 3.9 to 2.3 percent in 2012 due to the consolidation policy by the Gulf States. The economy of the United Arab Emirates is likely to continue with the same trend...

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Minimum Wage and Unemployment Rate Correlation

Introduction Reflectively, there are several factors affecting the rate of unemployment. These factors include minimum wage, wage differential, and other market dynamics. In relation to this research, the scope of the paper will concentrate on establishing the relationship between the unemployment rate and minimum wage. The research paper will also...

Fiscal and Monetary Policies in Greece

The recent recession had a negative effect in the performance of both private and pubic sectors in Greece (Athanassou, 2009, pp. 364-372). The financial markets experienced a lack of sufficient credit facilities and liquidity. The public sector on the other hand, had a huge budget deficit. Consequently, the government is...

Chinese and UAE Economic Indicators and Growth

Economic data, especially of macroeconomic scale, is necessary for any nation when it comes to making investment decisions. Increased investments in a nation have the impact of escalating economic growth due to the amplified inflow of foreign currency and job creation rates. Thus, it is important to measure the health...

UAE and Chinese Economies and National Policies

Introduction In recent years, countries in the developing and developed world have demonstrated a keen interest in improving the business environment as a primary means of promoting enterprise development and growing their national economies (Hindson and Meyer-Stamer 1). The importance of promoting the business environment has also been reinforced by...

Natural Monopolies and the Price Cap in the UK

Types of Market Structures The four major types of market structures constitute the oligopolistic, monopoly, monopolistic and perfect competition. When critically analyzed, these types of market structures have different types of price structures, outputs, and determination of profits, depending on how demand and supply forces play within the markets. From...

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Dubai: A Journey to Excellence

Abstract One of the United Arab Emirates, Dubai, has recently become a symbol of prosperity, innovation, and business excellence. In a mere 50 years, the state has managed to grow from a scarcely populated area with little infrastructure and a weak economy to a thriving business hub that is home...

The United Arabs Emirates’ Economy in 1991-2012

Introduction to UAE The United Arab Emirates (UAE) is an Arab nation located in the Southeast of the Arabian Peninsula. It borders Oman to the East and Saudi Arabia to the south. In addition, it shares sea borders with countries such as Qatar and Iran. The country is a group...

Industrialization in Mexico

Industrialization Industrialization is a phenomenon that comprises both social and economic changes in society often due to disparate factors. In most areas of the world, the industrialization process occurred after the Agrarian Revolution following an increasing demand for basic commodities to satisfy the ever-growing populations. The process required most societies...

International Economics Before the World Wars

Before the world war one and world war two, world economies were quiet apart, but there was intense factors of trade countries controlled their imports and exports. There was manipulation in currencies to shape the foreign trade and exchanges. Currency war fares were a common thing and restrictive market practices...

Institutions’s Role in Economic Growth and Development

Abstract Institutions are fundamentally vital in the growth and development of countries, regions, or other sections with economic boundaries. Many researchers have identified, researched, and reported these roles due to the growing concern about the part taken by institutions in economic growth and development (EGD). Probably, there are many people...

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Financial Crisis in Turkey and Argentina

Abstract The study aims to develop a more profound understanding of the financial crisis in the emerging economies during the period of 1999 to 2001. The two emerging economies further selected for a comparison are Argentina and Turkey. Both the countries have exhibited similarities in economic and political background hence...

Climate Change Impact on Business Activity in Malawi

Introduction Climate change is currently the world’s most prominent problem that affects almost every sector of the economy (Palmer 1965). It highly affects sustainability of business activities today (Colander 2008). Balancing economic growth and environmental sustainability has been a great challenged for all governments, businesses and all the stakeholders across...

United Arab Emirates: Selected Macroeconomic Indicators

Abstract The United Arab Emirates (UAE) is a league of seven distinct emirates, which jointly make the third biggest economy in the Gulf region. It is the second largest economy in terms of per capita output. The country’s economic growth has averaged roughly 4 percent over the last decade but...

Macroeconomic Performance Evaluation: Australia and the US

Executive Summary The macroeconomic performance of Australia and the US has been analyzed in this report. The analysis shows that an increase in GDP reduces unemployment rate in both countries. However, a rapid growth in GDP always leads to a high inflation rate. Interest rate affects economic growth by determining...

Indian Economic and Financial Indicators

Introduction India is a federal republic whose capital is New Delhi. India has the second-largest population in the world. The country has a population of 1.2 billion people. The Indian rupee (INR) is the official currency of the country. India is a lower-middle-income country. Sound economic policies have helped in...

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Lower Oil Prices’ Effects in Saudi Arabia

Introduction Saudi Arabia has experienced economic development, but also many challenges due to oil price volatility. In mid-2014, oil prices declined, impacting the country’s economy despite the government’s earlier diversification strategies. The government roadmap for development, Vision 2030, envisioned a bright future for Saudi Arabia in terms of full progress...

The UAE’s Economic Indicators in 2001-2011

Introduction The Unite Arabs Emirates (UAE) is a federation of seven emirates situated in the Middle East, in the Arabian Gulf. The federation was formed in 1971 and implemented its permanent Laws in 1996. In early 18th century, the British signed a peace treaty with the coastal rulers of the...

Great Recession of 2007–2010

Abstract The recession refers to a slump in economic activity in an economy over a considerably long period. The great recession of the 2007-2009 was the most profound and extensive economic slump in recent times. The 2007/2009 recession is mainly attributed to the US subprime crisis. However, most scholars and...

Development of the United States Economy

Introduction The US possesses the most diverse economy among all countries in the world. The recent years have seen researchers develop interest and enthusiasm in studying the economy of the US, with findings showing US as the largest, and the most advanced in regards to technology. The GDP results also...

Solar Power Economic Benefits in Saudi Arabia

The remote territories in Saudi Arabia are desert lands. The residents living in these regions have no access to energy sources. Although Saudi Arabia is an actively developing country, these residents are often considered as living at the edge of the world. Being often deprived of such benefits of civilization...

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International Business Benefits of the USA

Introduction The business practise all over the world has been such that countries come together to form strong integrated bodies. International integration often occurs either at the regional level or globally and mainly focuses on enabling the member states to benefit from numerous advantages that comes with association. International companies...

Dead Aid by Dambisa Moyo

Nowadays, it became quite clear to just about everyone that the idea that, by providing a financial aid to the so-called ‘developing’ countries, Western nations would be able to help these countries to get out of poverty, has been deprived of the remains of its former legitimacy. This could not...

Debts in United Arab Emirates

Introduction The United Arab Emirate’s debt has been rising sharply in recent years, from around US$17 billion in 2003, almost 19 percent of GDP, to US$184 billion in 20092. Of the debt, only a significant proportion can be traced directly to the public sector. A report by UBS bank notes...

Economic Diversification Strategy in Dubai

Abstract This paper analyzes the reasons behind the economic diversification strategy in Dubai and then proceeds to gauge the successes of this strategy in the emirate. The paper begins by defining diversification and demonstrating why it is a desirable strategy for many governments. It then notes that Dubai adopted this...

World Trade Organization Good and Bad Aspects

Introduction The World Trade Organization (WTO) is an international organization, which was established on January 1, 1995 as a predecessor to the GATT. The organization’s goal is to ensure optimal supervision and liberalization of international trade by regulating trade between member states. Furthermore, the WTO has formulated a framework, which...

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Business Globalization Impacts

In the contemporary world globalization is being studied and researched almost in every sphere of human life. Over the last several decades the process of globalization has created very serious impacts on such fields as science, communications, medicine and public health, politics and international relations, travelling, business and trades, finances...

The Australian Economy

When addressing the economy of any country, it is imperative to highlight some of its basic details such as its geographical location as a way of hinting one on its accessibility as a fundamental determinant of its economy. The paper focuses on Australia, which is an island continent and a...

International Economics: the US and Singapore

Introduction International trade is described as the exchange of services and goods between different countries. Countries engage in trade because they are endowed with different natural, capital, and human resources. Some countries may have the requisite resources, but may not have the capacity to produce or manufacture some goods or...

Qatari Economic Growth and Its Contributors

Introduction Different countries have different levels of economic growth. Such a difference may be due to the fact that countries differ in resource endowment and leadership. As such, this explains the difference in the challenges that different countries face in their attempts to build a sustainable source of revenue. This...

Gross Domestic Product in the Gulf Cooperation Council

Introduction The Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) consists of Arabic States within the Gulf region. The members of GCC are Kuwait, Qatar, Bahrain, Saudi Arabia, Oman, and United Arab Emirates. Interestingly, all the members of the GCC are monarch states. Under the GCC pact, the member states have experienced robust growth...

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Market Structures in Australia

Introduction In conventional economic analysis, there are four market structures namely: monopoly, monopolistic competition, perfect competition, and duopoly (oligopoly). These four market structures can be said to be present in Australia. To study and understand the operations of these types of market structures in the Australian context, this research paper...

Saudi Arabia’s Stock Price and Inflation Rate Effects

Introduction Macroeconomic Environment Saudi Arabia is a country, which relies on oil. The macroeconomic indicators demonstrate a full reliance on oil that is a major export in the kingdom. According to Azzam, the exports and revenues from oil contribute more than 90% of the region’s GDP (69). Indicators such as...

Chinese Domestic Market Demand in Property Sector

Domestic market demand in China’s property sector has been on a steep decline in the past 12 months. The decline is significant to China because the real estate sector usually accounts for 25 percent of the country’s gross domestic product (GDP). Additionally, Magner and Silk (n.pag.) note that due to...

Unemployment in the United Arab Emirates among Locals

Abstract The present research paper investigates the problem of unemployment in the United Arab Emirates among locals. The paper is focused on its causes, peculiarities, effects, risks, and governmental policies that should combat this severe economic and social phenomenon. Relevant literature review, accurate data, economic indices, and profound analysis of...

The UAE Employment Paradox

Research Title: The UAE Employment Paradox: What Makes the Governmental Sector the Most valuable Position Compared to the UK Entrepreneurship-Oriented System? The Reason for the Choice of the Topic There is no use denying that the success of the governmental organizations is crucial to the economical state of a country....

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UAE Economic Performance in 1991-2012

Introduction to the country The United Arab Emirates is located in the Gulf Region and borders Saudi Arabia, Qatar, and Oman. The UAE covers seven emirates federations, which were constituted in 1971. The federations include Abu Dhabi, Sharjah, Dubai, Ras al-Khaimah, Fujairah, Umm al-Qaiwain, and Ajman. The country has adopted...

The City of Dubai: History, Development and Challenges

Introduction and Purpose The city of Dubai has emerged as a home to more than 1.2 million people and forms the most populous city in the United Arab Emirates (Fazli 205). The city has continuously registered progressive growth in the recent past and the trend continues to grow rapidly towards...

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